Each is essential. They write that the number of observations could be increased through various means, but that would simultaneously lead to another problem: that the number of variables would increase and thus reduce degrees of freedom.. That is, just as causal inference is impossible without good descriptive inference, descriptive inference alone is often unsatisfying and... Up to this point, we have presented our view of the standards of scientific inference as they apply to both qualitative and quantitative research (chapter 1), defined descriptive inference (chapter 2), and clarified our notion of causality and causal inference (chapter 3). - Understanding What to Avoid, Chapter 6 II. The central thesis of the book is that qualitative and quantitative research share the same "logic of inference" (p. 3). It’s a living, interrelated place full of its own diversity, history and character . book The seminar has been very lively, and it often has spilled into the halls and onto the pages of lengthy memos passed among ourselves and our students. In Chapter Two of Creswell’s book, Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design, the author emphasizes the affect our personal beliefs and philosophical assumptions can have on our specific research. Our intellectual battles have always been friendly, but our rules of engagement meant that “agreeing to disagree” and compromising were high crimes. - A Design For Inquiry. By increasing the number of observations, even without more data collection, the researcher can often transform an intractable problem that has... JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. This book should be available at the University bookstore, but it is probably cheaper online. CHAPTER 1 The Science in Social Science 1.1 INTRODUCTION THIS BOOK is about research in the social sciences. King, Keohane and Verba, Designing Social Inquiry, pp. Title. The Science in Social Science, Chapter 2 Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research Gary King. : alk. The 2004 book Rethinking Social Inquiry, edited by Henry E. Brady and David Collier, is an influential summary of responses to KKV. Book Summary – Change by Design: How Design Thinking Transforms Organizations and Inspires Innovation Posted: January 29, 2014 by Todd in Books , Culture Tags: brainstorming , creativity , David Kelley , design , design thinking , IDEO , Tim Brown Gary King, Robert O Keohane, and Sidney Verba. Read the full-text online edition of Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research (1994). 6 Increasing the Number of Observations 208 6.1 Single-Observation Designs for Causal Inference 209 6.1.1 "Crucial" Case Studies 209 6.1.2 Reasoning by Analogy 212 6.2 How Many Observations Are Enough? While heated arguments between practitioners of qualitative and quantitative research have begun to test the very integrity of the social sciences, Gary King, Robert Keohane, and Sidney Verba have produced a farsighted and timely book that promises to sharpen and strengthen a wide range of research performed in this field. 1994. 3. Designing social inquiry : scientific inference in qualitiative research / Gary King, Robert O. Keohane, Sidney Verba. Causality and Causal Infaerence, Chapter 4 We now proceed to consider specific practical problems of qualitative research design. Our goal is practical: designing research that will produce valid inferences about social and political life. 3-9, 36-46, 115-149 notes for Comparative Politics Field Seminar, Fall, 1998. Mathematical notation is occasionally used to clarify concepts, but no prior knowledge of mathematics or statistics is assumed. Read the full-text online edition of Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research (1994). While heated arguments between practitioners of qualitative and quantitative research have begun to test the very integrity of the social sciences, Gary King, Robert Keohane, and Sidney Verba have produced a farsighted and timely book that promises to sharpen and strengthen a wide range of research performed in this field. Log in to your personal account or through your institution. We use some mathematical notation because it is especially helpful in clarifying concepts in qualitative methods; however, we assume no prior knowledge of mathematics or statistics, and most of the notation can be skipped without loss of continuity. The Science in Social Science, Chapter 2 But the relationship between description and explanation is interactive. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, ISBN: 0691034710 (referred to as KKV in the assigned readings). (pp. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Formalizing a process for feedback and revision during a project makes learning meaningful because it emphasizes that creating high-quality products and performances is part of the endeavor. As we have emphasized, what may appear to be a single-case study, or a study of only a few cases, may indeed contain many potential observations, at different levels of analysis, that are relevant to the theory being evaluated. This is in addition to examining the causal mechanisms that connect one variable to another. In addition to its primary purposes, this book is a statement of our hard-won unanimous position on scientific inference in qualitative research. The primary problem is that qualitative research lacks a sufficient number of observations to properly estimate the effects of an independent variable. According to the authors, a strong research design requires both qualitative and quantitative research, a research question that poses an important and real question that will contribute to the base of knowledge about this particular subject, and a comprehensive literature review from which hypotheses (theory-driven) are then drawn. In this and the next two chapters, we will use many examples, both drawn from the literature and constructed hypothetically, to illustrate our points. Descriptive Inference, Chapter 3 King, Gary/ Keohane, Robert O./ Verba, Sidney: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "After KKV: The New Methodology of Qualitative Research", "The Role of Theory and Anomaly in Social-Scientific Inference", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Designing_Social_Inquiry&oldid=976583767, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 September 2020, at 19:46.