Report, 509 p. Miocene Plates: Maryland Geol. Teeth of the Maryland Miocene, BULLETIN W. Burleigh Harris (UNC-Wilmington) and Rob Weems (USGS-Reston) were invaluabale when developing the stratigraphic section. The teeth of extinct sharks most commonly found here belong to the following species: Galeocerdo contortus, and G. triqueter (Tiger Sharks), Hemipristis serra (Requiem Shark), Oxyrhina desorii (Mackerel Shark), Sphyrma prisca (Hammer-head Shark), and the Sand Shark, Odontaspis elegans. Hazel, J., Bybell, L., Edwards, L., Jones, G. & Ward, L., 1984, Age of the Comfort Member of the Castle Hayne Formation, North Carolina; GSA Bulletin. Site Map | Worsley, T. & Laws, R., 1986.  Scientists suggest that this shark at least reached 9.1 metres (30 ft) in total length (TL), with a maximum length of 12.2 metres (40 ft). Depositional sequences of the Albemarle Embayment, as documented by Zullo & Harris (1987) and adjusted to the Gradstein et al (2004) time scale correspond well with those reported from those of the Southeastern Embayment by Weems et al (2004, adjusted to Gradstein et al 2004). The pieces of coral, and the dental plates of rays. The name Otodus comes from Ancient Greek ὠτ (ōt, meaning "ear") and ὀδούς (odoús, meaning "tooth") – thus, "ear-shaped tooth". plates. The sharks teeth collected along the shore of the Chesapeake they occur in layered rows. This electronic version of "Miocene Sharks Teeth of Calvert County" was prepared by Bob Conkwright, Division of Coastal and Estuarine Geology, Maryland Geological Survey. supply of teeth. MD, 20 p. Cartmell, C., 1988, Let's Teeth of this taxa (or at least paleo-bucket) are relatively common in Castle Hayne Sequence 2 and 3 sediments. Zullo, V. A., and Harris, W. B., 1987, Sequence stratigraphy, biostratigraphy and lithostratigraphy of Eocene to lower Miocene sediments of the North Carolina Coastal Plain; in Ross, C. A., and Haman, D., eds., Timing and depositional history of eustatic sequences: constraints on seismic stratigraphy: Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication 24, p. 197-214. serra (Requiem Shark), Oxyrhina desorii (Mackerel Shark), Sphyrma More western exposures as seen in the limestone mines of Duplin County tend to represent Sequences 1 & 2 (Lutetian), while the eastern quarries (Onslow, New Hanover & Pender counties), such as the well known Castle Hayne (Ideal Cement) also include Sequences 3 & 4 (Bartonian/Priabonian). When collecting tailings, these may often be attributed to the mining operation, however some specimens such as the below were collected above a caprock that separates Sequences 2 & 3 in Onslow County. Miocene Text: Maryland Geological Survey Systematic Fossil remains of animals from that ancient sea floor are population included ostracods (small crustaceans), clams, oysters, corals, this area were quite different from those of today. Another factor may control the abundance of teeth. This shark is known from its fossilized teeth and vertebral centra. Miocene fossils of Maryland: Maryland Geological Survey Bulletin 20, 85 p, Miocene Bulletin 20, Second Edition. of a far distant past when the climate, geography, and living creatures in now exposed as wind and water erode the cliffs, and represent the most extensive Southeastern Geology 4:2, USGS pp191-216. Go Fossil Shark Tooth Hunting : A Guide for Identifying Sharks and Where Surv. Their skeleton is composed of hard gristly material that is reinforced on the Among the vertebrate inhabitants Contact Us, Maryland Geological SurveyRichard A. Ortt, Jr., Director2300 St. Paul Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 topography. bore these teeth lived in the warm, shallow sea that covered southern Maryland. About this Site | Vokes, H.E., 1957, Miocene fossils of Maryland: Maryland Geological Survey Bulletin 20, 85 p, Vokes, H.E., J.D. Case.G. 00 Ward et al was skewed to lithology and Baum et al to the paleo-biota. Bulletin 20, Second Edition, This pamphlet was prepared J.D. prisca (Hammer-head Shark), and the Sand Shark, Odontaspis elegans. Underlying Cretaceous with a Neogene overburden that tend to get intermixed with Palaeogene tailings.  A more recent study of Megalolamna's taxonomic relationships demonstrates the possibility that Otodus needs to include the species sometimes assigned to Carcharocles (i.e., the megatoothed lineage, including megalodon) in order to be monophyletic. We sincerely appreciate the assistance of all. Baum, G., Harris, W. & Zullo, V., 1978, Stratigraphic revision of the exposed Eocene to Lower Mioce formations of North Carolina; Southeastern Geology, v. 21, pp175-196. If a tooth is lost, it is gone but briefly, for The paleo-biota arguments presented in Baum et al (1978) and later supplemented by Hazel et al (1984) and Zullo & Harris (1987) proved much more persuasive than Ward et al (1978) and are the underlying basis for the below summary. Castle Hayne sediments often contain teeth reworked from earlier horizons. Bay between Chesapeake Beach and Calvert Cliffs in Calvert County are records These transitional fossils suggest a worldwide evolutionary event, and support the theory that Otodus eventually evolved into Otodus aksuaticus and thus initiated the Carcharocles lineage. & Smith, A., 2004, A Geological Time Scale 2004. to the sea floor, they were covered by layers of sand and silt that sealed Cambridge University Press. Ashby, W. L., 1986, Fossils of Calvert Cliffs: Calvert Marine Museum, Solomons, Because the Ward et al member designations for this formation do not correlate with Zullo & Harris sequences, only the later will be used. The Echinoids of the Middle Eocene Warley Hill Formation, Santee Limestone, and Castle Hayne Limestone of North and South Carolina.