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ferns for erosion control

Since the soil is saturated with roots, they readily grow into duff as it decays, positively holding it in place and rapidly making organic material part of the native soil. All are native, and most are good for moist, shaded conditions, which are often the conditions found in eroding yards. Native plants also need less specialized care and maintenance. Also known as summersweet. Especially around slopes and banks. Virginia sweetspire, Itea virginica. Grows 2-5’, nice red-brown spore fronds in summer. Nondescript white flowers in late spring, amazing red berries fall-winter. Red chokeberry, Photinia pyrifolia. Foliage is dark-green above and purple beneath. Grows less than 1’. This is a grasslike flowering plant which spreads very quickly and does great in shade. Approximately 6-10'. Likes soil moisture that is average, moist, wet and well draining. 2', pink, white or blue flowers in early spring but then dries up until next spring so not good for erosion control; very beautiful though. Among our best natives for erosion control, sword fern has deep, strong roots, is readily available and easy to establish. Royal fern, Osmunda regalis. Reducing Soil Erosion. As they age, they slowly recline; this effect is most pronounced in the fall, when frosts cause the fronds to lie down on the ground. Most any native fern likes shady, moist conditions. 12000 Government Center Pkwy Grass-like sedge forms clumps, grows to 0.5 - 2 feet. Violet, white or pink in mid spring. It prefers a slightly loamy soil. Other mechanisms for soil building and conservation include stoloniferous growth, dense frond growth to catch organic debris, and the ability to thrive in marginal habitats. Ostrich Fern. White wood aster, Eurybia divaricata. This evergreen holly fern has an interesting frond life cycle. and tough mat that holds the soil and other organic matter. Creeping Myrtle. This dense leaf layer also serves to reduce competition from other plants. Varies in height from a few inches to more than 3 feet. Similar: Black chokeberry, Photinia melanocarpa. Faust Park, 15193 Olive Blvd. Ferns have two major mechanisms for doing this: slender, spreading rhizomes and roots that form a mat that retain soil, and fronds that, as they age and die, recline on the ground to form a mat to hold soil and other organic material. One of the best known ferns for erosion control and conservation is the Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides) of eastern North America. Ferns are potentially useful for erosion control due to their dense plant cover and adaptation to slopes. Many cultivars with cool colors of foliage available at nurseries but make sure to check requirements for water/sun. This same kind of behavior is seen in temperate zones with such ferns as the rock-cap ferns (Polypodium vulgare, virginianum, and appalachianum). Wild ginger, Asarum canadense. Leaves turn red and purple in early fall. Jack-in-the-pulpit, Arisaema triphyllum. And more. Other North American temperate ferns that contribute significantly to erosion control on slopes include … White flower spires are 0.5-1’ tall in spring and nice foliage all year round. Approximately 5-8'. It is a long-lasting plant with a mature size of 1 to 3 feet tall and 1 to 4 feet wide. EROSION CONTROL The best strategy for stabilizing a slope with plants is to establish vegetation at multiple levels—plant trees, shrubs, and groundcovers. Using plants for erosion control is an excellent biological method to safeguard the landscape and the shape of the land. There are many species of exotic ferns that have been introduced to gardens. Other species have been intentionally introduced for erosion control. Ferns are probably far more important than generally realized in environmental stabilization, and deserve to have this aspect of their existence studied in far more depth. If you have a wet, shady area, this is an ideal candidate as a plant for erosion control. For instance, some Dicranopteris species of the Some, after introduction in gardens, have escaped their boundaries and become naturalized, taking over wide swaths of land, particularly woodlands. Black Mondo Grass. American alumroot, Heuchera americana. Five native fern species of southern China, namely, Chesterfield, MO 63017 Forsythia. This study assessed the erosion-reducing potential of recently planted ferns on slopes. Black berries and not quite as tall as red chokeberry, approximately 4-6' maximum. Virginia bluebells, Mertensia viginica. Usually 2-3' in height. The near-verticality of the fronds in spring ensure that they rise above the duff of the forest floor, while the falling of the fronds in autumn takes place after leaf fall. This low maintenance fern is deer resistant and drought tolerant and is hardy in zones 3 through 9. Make sure to ask at the nursery for a native, hardy violet that would be a good groundcover. When new, the fronds form at an upright angle, often projecting almost vertically. The chain fern (Woodwardia virginica) also grows in wet, boggy areas, also helping to further the conversion of water bodies into land. Don't think that you are limited to ground covers (perennials and short shrubs that grow … tropics grow on steep banks; the immense leaves, as they die, lie down upon the slope, forming a very durable Stems of 1-3’ in height, with deep golden-yellow flowers. These Dicranopteris also hold the soil by the spreading rootstocks and roots. Thorough preparation and careful planting are particularly important, as soils on banks and steeper slopes are often poor and sandy. ), which will grow among rocks and cobbles, holding organic matter in the pockets in which they grow; and the climbing fern (Lygodium palmatum), which forms a unique mat of indeterminate vining fronds which insure that the impact of any erosional forces of wind and water are greatly abated before reaching the soil surface. Its delicate bell-shaped flowers sit on sticky flower stalk less than 1’ tall in May-June. Can be pruned to keep it shorter. Joe pye weed, Eupatorium fistulosum, also eupatorium dubium (fistulosum gets to 10', dubium gets to 5'). Dwarf varieties at nurseries. The holly fern grows best in part to full shade and moist soil. nonetheless form a ground cover during heavy rains of late spring; maidenhair fern (Adiantum pedatum), which sometimes forms mats on vertical or almost vertical rock faces; narrow glade fern (Athyrium [Diplazium] pycnocarpon), which will colonize large hillside areas given enough light and moisture; several of the wood ferns (Dryopteris spp. White flower in mid-spring, red berries in fall, crimson foliage in fall. Approximately 6-10', well suited for full shade conditions. Golden ragwort, Packera aurea. If you are looking for an option that grows up to 1-foot tall in zones 6 to 9, this … Growing the right type of plants aids in garden soil retention. Plant it in clumps, ribbon in native strawberries and yarrow. Sensitive fern, Onoclea sensibilis. Among our best natives for erosion control, sword fern has deep, strong roots, is readily available and easy to establish. Good for slopes and areas prone to erosion. Comes in many cultivars with bronze and purple leaves and is semi-evergreen. Conditions that promote soil erosion are … White flowers in May, red capsule like fruit very interesting in summer, yellow to purple fall color. Silky dogwood, Cornus amomum. Butterfly House. Similar: Maple-leaf viburnum, Viburnum acerifolium. Usually 1 1/2' in height. Fast growing, its leaves hold … Need a male and a female plant if you want berries. The Fairfax County Web site is being translated through "machine translation" powered by Google Translate. 6' white flowers in spring, good for erosion control. Reverts to original layout including graphics and images. Violets, Viola spp. Prone to erosion ; Prone to soil drying ; Often overrun with weeds; To help stabilise the soil and give speedy coverage, strong-growing climbers or ground-cover plants are required. Ninebark, Physocarpus opulifolius. Similar: Creeping phlox, Phlox stolonifera. Winterberry holly, Ilex verticillata. Erosion control plants help retain the landscape soil. Very beautiful, purple-rose flowers sit on 1-3’ stem in spring. Sweet smelling white flower in summer, 6-10'. Great blue lobelia, Lobelia silphilitica. Woody, deciduous vine spreads quickly and is limited in height by the structure it climbs. Pink flowers in late summer, early fall. Practical considerations. Woodland phlox, Phlox divaricata. Choosing plants that are shown to effectively stop erosion gives you plenty of excellent choices. White flowers in June, blue to black berries, 3-6 feet. 4344 Shaw Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63110 (314) 577-5100 hours and admission. Will spread. 2-5 feet. An important factor in the continued ecological competitiveness of ferns is that many of them succeed by growing in marginal habitats where other plants cannot survive, and in this kind of strategy, have formed methods of holding and forming soils for their own benefit and incidentally for a greater environmental benefit. Foamflower, Tiarella cordifolia. Ferns can help to control erosion, stabilize soils and slopes, build soils where none exist, and often do these things in nature. Moist to dry conditions. River oats (grass), Chasmanthium latifolium. White flower spires in early spring, crimson foliage in fall, good in masses. If you live in zones 4 to 8, then creeping myrtle is a great choice. 0.5 - 3', small white flowers July to October. Blue wood sedge, Carex glaucodea. Other species have been intentionally introduced for erosion control. Great foliage spring through fall, dies back in winter. Disclaimer. Blue-violet flowers in late summer-early fall. Vancouveria is another good ground cover choice. It grows in dense, arching clumps of glossy green foliage, and it is ideal for groundcover and slope/erosion control. Cinnamon fern, Osmunda cinnamomea.

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